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liverpoolpicturebook.com - information about domain

  • Server Status: available
  • Server IP: 216.239.34.21
  • Server Response Time: 231ms

Site title

Old Photographs of Liverpool Liverpool Picturebook

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Alexa rank: 18,545,161

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Host: Class: Type: IP: TTL: Target: Other:
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN SOA 1800 mname: dns1.name-services.com
rname: info.name-services.com
serial: 2002050701
refresh: 10001
retry: 1801
expire: 604801
minimum-ttl: 181
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN MX 1800 alt2.aspmx.l.google.com pri: 20
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN MX 1800 aspmx2.googlemail.com pri: 30
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN MX 1800 aspmx3.googlemail.com pri: 30
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN MX 1800 aspmx.l.google.com pri: 10
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN MX 1800 alt1.aspmx.l.google.com pri: 20
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN A 216.239.38.21 1795
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN A 216.239.32.21 1795
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN A 216.239.34.21 1795
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN A 216.239.36.21 1795
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN NS 3600 dns5.name-services.com
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN NS 3600 dns2.name-services.com
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN NS 3600 dns3.name-services.com
liverpoolpicturebook.com IN NS 3600 dns1.name-services.com
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text-shadow: 0 0 -1px #000000;
}
.main-inner .widget {
background-color: transparent;
border: 1px solid transparent;
padding: 0 15px 15px;
margin: 20px -16px;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-goog-ms-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-moz-border-radius: 0;
-webkit-border-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-radius: 0;
border-radius: 0;
}
.main-inner .widget h2 {
margin: 0 -15px;
padding: .6em 15px .5em;
border-bottom: 1px solid transparent;
}
.footer-inner .widget h2 {
padding: 0 0 .4em;
border-bottom: 1px solid transparent;
}
.main-inner .widget h2 + div, .footer-inner .widget h2 + div {
border-top: 1px solid transparent;
padding-top: 8px;
}
.main-inner .widget .widget-content {
margin: 0 -15px;
padding: 7px 15px 0;
}
.main-inner .widget ul, .main-inner .widget #ArchiveList ul.flat {
margin: -8px -15px 0;
padding: 0;
list-style: none;
}
.main-inner .widget #ArchiveList {
margin: -8px 0 0;
}
.main-inner .widget ul li, .main-inner .widget #ArchiveList ul.flat li {
padding: .5em 15px;
text-indent: 0;
color: #666666;
border-top: 1px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 1px solid transparent;
}
.main-inner .widget #ArchiveList ul li {
padding-top: .25em;
padding-bottom: .25em;
}
.main-inner .widget ul li:first-child, .main-inner .widget #ArchiveList ul.flat li:first-child {
border-top: none;
}
.main-inner .widget ul li:last-child, .main-inner .widget #ArchiveList ul.flat li:last-child {
border-bottom: none;
}
.post-body {
position: relative;
}
.main-inner .widget .post-body ul {
padding: 0 2.5em;
margin: .5em 0;
list-style: disc;
}
.main-inner .widget .post-body ul li {
padding: 0.25em 0;
margin-bottom: .25em;
color: #ffffff;
border: none;
}
.footer-inner .widget ul {
padding: 0;
list-style: none;
}
.widget .zippy {
color: #666666;
}
/* Posts
----------------------------------------------- */
body .main-inner .Blog {
padding: 0;
margin-bottom: 1em;
background-color: transparent;
border: none;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
-goog-ms-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
}
.main-inner .section:last-child .Blog:last-child {
padding: 0;
margin-bottom: 1em;
}
.main-inner .widget h2.date-header {
margin: 0 -15px 1px;
padding: 0 0 0 0;
font: normal normal 14px Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif;
color: #666666;
background: transparent none no-repeat scroll top left;
border-top: 0 solid #222222;
border-bottom: 1px solid transparent;
-moz-border-radius-topleft: 0;
-moz-border-radius-topright: 0;
-webkit-border-top-left-radius: 0;
-webkit-border-top-right-radius: 0;
border-top-left-radius: 0;
border-top-right-radius: 0;
position: static;
bottom: 100%;
right: 15px;
text-shadow: 0 0 -1px #000000;
}
.main-inner .widget h2.date-header span {
font: normal normal 14px Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif;
display: block;
padding: .5em 15px;
border-left: 0 solid #222222;
border-right: 0 solid #222222;
}
.date-outer {
position: relative;
margin: 30px 0 20px;
padding: 0 15px;
background-color: #060000;
border: 1px solid #222222;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-goog-ms-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-moz-border-radius: 0;
-webkit-border-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-radius: 0;
border-radius: 0;
}
.date-outer:first-child {
margin-top: 0;
}
.date-outer:last-child {
margin-bottom: 20px;
-moz-border-radius-bottomleft: 0;
-moz-border-radius-bottomright: 0;
-webkit-border-bottom-left-radius: 0;
-webkit-border-bottom-right-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-bottom-left-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-bottom-right-radius: 0;
border-bottom-left-radius: 0;
border-bottom-right-radius: 0;
}
.date-posts {
margin: 0 -15px;
padding: 0 15px;
clear: both;
}
.post-outer, .inline-ad {
border-top: 1px solid #222222;
margin: 0 -15px;
padding: 15px 15px;
}
.post-outer {
padding-bottom: 10px;
}
.post-outer:first-child {
padding-top: 0;
border-top: none;
}
.post-outer:last-child, .inline-ad:last-child {
border-bottom: none;
}
.post-body {
position: relative;
}
.post-body img {
padding: 8px;
background: transparent;
border: 1px solid transparent;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-moz-border-radius: 0;
-webkit-border-radius: 0;
border-radius: 0;
}
h3.post-title, h4 {
font: normal bold 20px Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif;
color: #ffffff;
}
h3.post-title a {
font: normal bold 20px Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif;
color: #ffffff;
}
h3.post-title a:hover {
color: #ffd966;
text-decoration: underline;
}
.post-header {
margin: 0 0 1em;
}
.post-body {
line-height: 1.4;
}
.post-outer h2 {
color: #ffffff;
}
.post-footer {
margin: 1.5em 0 0;
}
#blog-pager {
padding: 15px;
font-size: 120%;
background-color: #141414;
border: 1px solid transparent;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-goog-ms-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-moz-border-radius: 0;
-webkit-border-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-radius: 0;
border-radius: 0;
-moz-border-radius-topleft: 0;
-moz-border-radius-topright: 0;
-webkit-border-top-left-radius: 0;
-webkit-border-top-right-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-top-left-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-top-right-radius: 0;
border-top-left-radius: 0;
border-top-right-radius-topright: 0;
margin-top: 1em;
}
.blog-feeds, .post-feeds {
margin: 1em 0;
text-align: center;
color: #ffffff;
}
.blog-feeds a, .post-feeds a {
color: #ffff00;
}
.blog-feeds a:visited, .post-feeds a:visited {
color: #f1c232;
}
.blog-feeds a:hover, .post-feeds a:hover {
color: #ff9900;
}
.post-outer .comments {
margin-top: 2em;
}
/* Comments
----------------------------------------------- */
.comments .comments-content .icon.blog-author {
background-repeat: no-repeat;
background-image: url(data:image/png;base64,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);
}
.comments .comments-content .loadmore a {
border-top: 1px solid #783f04;
border-bottom: 1px solid #783f04;
}
.comments .continue {
border-top: 2px solid #783f04;
}
/* Footer
----------------------------------------------- */
.footer-outer {
margin: -0 0 -1px;
padding: 0 0 0;
color: #ff9900;
overflow: hidden;
}
.footer-fauxborder-left {
border-top: 1px solid transparent;
background: transparent none repeat scroll 0 0;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
-goog-ms-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
margin: 0 -0;
}
/* Mobile
----------------------------------------------- */
body.mobile {
background-size: auto;
}
.mobile .body-fauxcolumn-outer {
background: transparent none repeat scroll top left;
}
*+html body.mobile .main-inner .column-center-inner {
margin-top: 0;
}
.mobile .main-inner .widget {
padding: 0 0 15px;
}
.mobile .main-inner .widget h2 + div,
.mobile .footer-inner .widget h2 + div {
border-top: none;
padding-top: 0;
}
.mobile .footer-inner .widget h2 {
padding: 0.5em 0;
border-bottom: none;
}
.mobile .main-inner .widget .widget-content {
margin: 0;
padding: 7px 0 0;
}
.mobile .main-inner .widget ul,
.mobile .main-inner .widget #ArchiveList ul.flat {
margin: 0 -15px 0;
}
.mobile .main-inner .widget h2.date-header {
right: 0;
}
.mobile .date-header span {
padding: 0.4em 0;
}
.mobile .date-outer:first-child {
margin-bottom: 0;
border: 1px solid #222222;
-moz-border-radius-topleft: 0;
-moz-border-radius-topright: 0;
-webkit-border-top-left-radius: 0;
-webkit-border-top-right-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-top-left-radius: 0;
-goog-ms-border-top-right-radius: 0;
border-top-left-radius: 0;
border-top-right-radius: 0;
}
.mobile .date-outer {
border-color: #222222;
border-width: 0 1px 1px;
}
.mobile .date-outer:last-child {
margin-bottom: 0;
}
.mobile .main-inner {
padding: 0;
}
.mobile .header-inner .section {
margin: 0;
}
.mobile .blog-posts {
padding: 0 10px;
}
.mobile .post-outer, .mobile .inline-ad {
padding: 5px 0;
}
.mobile .tabs-inner .section {
margin: 0 10px;
}
.mobile .main-inner .widget h2 {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
}
.mobile .main-inner .widget h2.date-header span {
padding: 0;
}
.mobile .main-inner .widget .widget-content {
margin: 0;
padding: 7px 0 0;
}
.mobile #blog-pager {
border: 1px solid transparent;
background: transparent none repeat scroll 0 0;
}
.mobile .main-inner .column-left-inner,
.mobile .main-inner .column-right-inner {
background: transparent none repeat 0 0;
-moz-box-shadow: none;
-webkit-box-shadow: none;
-goog-ms-box-shadow: none;
box-shadow: none;
}
.mobile .date-posts {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
}
.mobile .footer-fauxborder-left {
margin: 0;
border-top: inherit;
}
.mobile .main-inner .section:last-child .Blog:last-child {
margin-bottom: 0;
}
.mobile-index-contents {
color: #ffffff;
}
.mobile .mobile-link-button {
background: #ffff00 none repeat scroll 0 0;
}
.mobile-link-button a:link, .mobile-link-button a:visited {
color: #ffffff;
}
.mobile .tabs-inner .PageList .widget-content {
background: transparent;
border-top: 1px solid;
border-color: #783f04;
color: #ff9900;
}
.mobile .tabs-inner .PageList .widget-content .pagelist-arrow {
border-left: 1px solid #783f04;
}
h1.post-title, .post h1 #Blog1 h1, #Blog2 h1 {border-bottom:0px Dotted #000000;border-top:0px Dotted #000000;margin:.25em 0 0;padding:0 0 4px;font-size:150%;font-weight:normal;line-height:1.4em;color:#1c3c6f;}
--></style>
<style id='template-skin-1' type='text/css'><!--
body {
min-width: 1024px;
}
.content-outer, .content-fauxcolumn-outer, .region-inner {
min-width: 1000px; /*1024px*/
max-width: 1280px; /*1024px*/
_width: 100%; /*1024px*/
}
.main-inner .columns {
padding-left: 250px;
padding-right: 0px;
}
.main-inner .fauxcolumn-center-outer {
left: 250px;
right: 0px;
/* IE6 does not respect left and right together */
_width: expression(this.parentNode.offsetWidth -
parseInt("250px") -
parseInt("0px") + 'px');
}
.main-inner .fauxcolumn-left-outer {
width: 250px;
}
.main-inner .fauxcolumn-right-outer {
width: 0px;
}
.main-inner .column-left-outer {
width: 250px;
right: 100%;
margin-left: -250px;
}
.main-inner .column-right-outer {
width: 0px;
margin-right: -0px;
}
#layout {
min-width: 0;
}
#layout .content-outer {
min-width: 0;
width: 800px;
}
#layout .region-inner {
min-width: 0;
width: auto;
}
--></style>
<script type="text/javascript">var a=navigator,b="userAgent",c="indexOf",f="&m=1",g="(^|&)m=",h="?",i="?m=1";function j(){var d=window.location.href,e=d.split(h);switch(e.length){case 1:return d+i;case 2:return 0<=e[1].search(g)?null:d+f;default:return null}}if(-1!=a[b][c]("Mobile")&&-1!=a[b][c]("WebKit")&&-1==a[b][c]("iPad")||-1!=a[b][c]("Opera Mini")||-1!=a[b][c]("IEMobile")){var k=j();k&&window.location.replace(k)};
</script><script type="text/javascript">
if (window.jstiming) window.jstiming.load.tick('headEnd');
</script></head>
<body class='loading'>
<div class='navbar section' id='navbar'><div class='widget Navbar' id='Navbar1'><script type="text/javascript">
    function setAttributeOnload(object, attribute, val) {
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<div id="navbar-iframe-container"></div>
<script type="text/javascript" src="https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js"></script>
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        gapi.load("iframes-styles-bubble", function() {
          if (window.iframes && iframes.open) {
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                  container: "navbar-iframe-container",
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</div></div>
<div class='body-fauxcolumns'>
<div class='fauxcolumn-outer body-fauxcolumn-outer'>
<div class='cap-top'>
<div class='cap-left'></div>
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<div class='fauxborder-left'>
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<div class='cap-bottom'>
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<div class='content'>
<div class='content-fauxcolumns'>
<div class='fauxcolumn-outer content-fauxcolumn-outer'>
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<div class='cap-bottom'>
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<div class='content-outer'>
<div class='content-cap-top cap-top'>
<div class='cap-left'></div>
<div class='cap-right'></div>
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<div class='fauxborder-left content-fauxborder-left'>
<div class='fauxborder-right content-fauxborder-right'></div>
<div class='content-inner'>
<header>
<div class='header-outer'>
<div class='header-cap-top cap-top'>
<div class='cap-left'></div>
<div class='cap-right'></div>
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<div class='fauxborder-left header-fauxborder-left'>
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<div class='region-inner header-inner'>
<div class='header section' id='header'><div class='widget HTML' id='HTML7'>
<div class='widget-content'>
<script type="text/javascript"><!--
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google_ad_host = "pub-1556223355139109";
/* PicturebookSeptember */
google_ad_slot = "5495608450";
google_ad_width = 300;
google_ad_height = 250;
//-->
</script>
<script type="text/javascript"
src="http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">
</script>

<a href="http://photobucket.com" target="_blank"><img src="http://i266.photobucket.com/albums/ii259/Digitech1/PicturebookHeaderSept-1.jpg" border="0" alt="Photobucket" /></a>

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</div>
<div class='clear'></div>
<span class='widget-item-control'>
<span class='item-control blog-admin'>
<a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1936858750286229600&widgetType=HTML&widgetId=HTML7&action=editWidget&sectionId=header' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("HTML7"));' target='configHTML7' title='Edit'>
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<div class='header-cap-bottom cap-bottom'>
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<div class='tabs-outer'>
<div class='tabs-cap-top cap-top'>
<div class='cap-left'></div>
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<div class='fauxborder-left tabs-fauxborder-left'>
<div class='fauxborder-right tabs-fauxborder-right'></div>
<div class='region-inner tabs-inner'>
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<h1 class='post-title entry-title'>
<a href='http://www.liverpoolpicturebook.com/2012/09/MeccanoLiverpool.html'>Meccano Ltd., 1908-1980</a>
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<a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2PYNsv21vQw/UE-3jmaSytI/AAAAAAAAI6U/eP9-rSPOGbc/s1600/Meccano_logo.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="46" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2PYNsv21vQw/UE-3jmaSytI/AAAAAAAAI6U/eP9-rSPOGbc/s320/Meccano_logo.jpg" width="320" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The creator
of the world's most famous toy</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">, Frank Hornby was born in 1863 at 77 Copperas
Hill, Liverpool. Frank started work sometime after&nbsp;</span><br />
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-AZ4eom0-KYo/UE-3d45VsiI/AAAAAAAAI6M/2OsnWHocUFE/s1600/frank_hornby.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="clear: right; float: right; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-left: 1em;"><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><img border="0" height="200" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-AZ4eom0-KYo/UE-3d45VsiI/AAAAAAAAI6M/2OsnWHocUFE/s200/frank_hornby.jpg" width="122" /></span></a><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">leaving school as a clerk in
a meat importers, employed by David Hugh Elliot in James Street Liverpool. He
had musical interest and became a member of the Liverpool Philharmonic Society
where he met Clara Walker Godefroy who as to become his wife. Later they became
parents to two sons, Roland and Douglas. It was with these two growing boys that
Frank first turned his attention to making mechanical models. By the last few
years of the nineteenth century Frank was making toys for his sons made from
sheet metal cut by hand. The boys where excited by what their &nbsp;father made. To amuse his sons Hornby made a
toy crane out of perforated metal strips held together with nuts and bolts. The
crane could be dismantled and the parts used to make different models. Hornby
saw a future for this versatile toy and set to work producing it for the mass
market. By the end of 1900 Frank Hornby had developed a set of parts and was
now considering marketing them. Frank Hornby took advice and patented his
invention but to enable him to do this he had to borrow five pounds from his
employer, David Hugh Elliot. The patent was for "Improvements in Toy or
Educational Devices for Children and Young People" and this was lodged
with the patents office on 9th January 1901.The toy was patented on January 9
1901 as 'Mechanics Made Easy'. It became known as Meccano in 1907 and went on
to take the toy world by storm. It is believed the name was chosen by Frank
Hornby because it could be easily pronounced in all languages.</span></div>
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-VqP0oNj-fsU/UE-32uN7G3I/AAAAAAAAI6c/px3gLLqCb8c/s1600/img1.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="246" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-VqP0oNj-fsU/UE-32uN7G3I/AAAAAAAAI6c/px3gLLqCb8c/s320/img1.jpg" width="320" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In 1907
Frank Hornby</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> gave up his full time job with Elliot and set out to find suitable premises.
He found a workshop at 10 Duke Street, Liverpool, and secured a three year
lease on it. He realised that he would have to raise capital in order to
purchase suitable machinery and provide wages for skilled staff. In view of
their past record Hornby and Elliot were granted a loan and by June 1907 they
were manufacturing their own parts for the system. Their sales for the
financial year ending 31st of March were 3,000 pounds. He later took premises
in Tuebrook but these soon proved too small.&nbsp;</span></div>
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-J9yzoyEfKPM/UE-421sjF1I/AAAAAAAAI6k/ihufCX02ozg/s1600/Mecc+Factory+1916,.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="237" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-J9yzoyEfKPM/UE-421sjF1I/AAAAAAAAI6k/ihufCX02ozg/s400/Mecc+Factory+1916,.jpg" width="400" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">He then bought up 5 acres of land
in the Old Swan area of Liverpool. It was here the Binns Road factory opened in
1914. This became the company headquarters for more than 60 years. By 1922
Meccano kits of various sizes and costs were available. At its peak the Meccano
system consisted of over three hundred pieces and inspired a generation of boys
to take up technical careers.</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-t1j-to4DXTE/UE-6W-V1TfI/AAAAAAAAI6s/EYrfdPxcoNw/s1600/packing+boxes.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="clear: right; float: right; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-left: 1em;"><img border="0" height="200" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-t1j-to4DXTE/UE-6W-V1TfI/AAAAAAAAI6s/EYrfdPxcoNw/s200/packing+boxes.jpg" width="185" /></a><span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">After the
First World War</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> Hornby began making clockwork trains. The first Hornby railway
engines were sold in 1920 as construction kits. By 1925 all Hornby trains and
accessories were sold ready assembled. These train sets were the ultimate
child's toy and are still very popular today. <o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Originally
marketed as 'modelled miniatures' in 1931, the first set of Dinky toys
consisted of six cast miniature figures of station workers. The toys were
originally intended as line-side effects for model railways but became popular
in their own right. Also in September 1931 Frank Hornby was elected member of
parliament for the Everton ward of Liverpool. The First Meccano Aeroplane
outfits were manufactured in 1931 and the Meccano Motor Car outfits followed in
1932 together with Hornby Speedboats</span><o:p></o:p><br />
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<a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-GMopK36uhjw/UE_HFaabGII/AAAAAAAAI70/kJKWA_7tXRo/s1600/Six+Cast+Minatures.png" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="185" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-GMopK36uhjw/UE_HFaabGII/AAAAAAAAI70/kJKWA_7tXRo/s400/Six+Cast+Minatures.png" width="400" /></a></div>
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<a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Hj2XGxcKR4w/UE_HSprUg9I/AAAAAAAAI78/Jnf2-jnGG8E/s1600/ScreenHunter_04+Sep.+12+00.14.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="220" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Hj2XGxcKR4w/UE_HSprUg9I/AAAAAAAAI78/Jnf2-jnGG8E/s320/ScreenHunter_04+Sep.+12+00.14.jpg" width="320" /></a></div>
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-xv7xophH7LI/UE-6nkib54I/AAAAAAAAI64/sXYqgi8G30w/s1600/fig2seniorset4int.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="241" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-xv7xophH7LI/UE-6nkib54I/AAAAAAAAI64/sXYqgi8G30w/s320/fig2seniorset4int.jpg" width="320" /></a></div>
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<a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-O-0rzPk603M/UE-6nON-fRI/AAAAAAAAI60/BHNFPpb2l-Q/s1600/Tools.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="148" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-O-0rzPk603M/UE-6nON-fRI/AAAAAAAAI60/BHNFPpb2l-Q/s320/Tools.jpg" width="320" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The products
of Binns Road</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> were phenomenally successful. Frank Hornby was a visionary in toy
development and production, producing three of the most popular lines of toys
in the twentieth century. During the 1920s and 1930s Meccano Ltd was the
biggest toy manufacturer in Britain. Another very famous brand name was to come
from the Hornby stable in 1938 that of Hornby Dublo Trains.</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-FkTesUjqTMw/UE_AyChTf5I/AAAAAAAAI7c/EzZPmkc1apA/s1600/DUBLO.png" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="184" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-FkTesUjqTMw/UE_AyChTf5I/AAAAAAAAI7c/EzZPmkc1apA/s320/DUBLO.png" width="320" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The last
product to be launched</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> before the outbreak of the second world war in 1939 was
the "Mechanised Army" outfit. Parts were finished in a matt khaki, a
three part wooden gun barrel was included, with many standard parts having less
holes punched in them.<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In its
heyday Meccano also had factories in Speke and Aintree as well as manufacturing
bases in Argentina, France, Germany, the USA and Spain.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">By the 1960s
rival plastic construction toys - cheaper, and with a wider and younger appeal
- were carving huge chunks out of Meccano's market, while Meccano itself proved
slow to adapt to the new challenge. In 1979 Meccano's factory at Binns Road in
Liverpool closed its doors for the last time, and the company was bought by a
French corporation to be relaunched as Meccano SA, based in Calais.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #e69138; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Links to other sites</span></div>
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<a href="http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/exhibitions/meccano/home.asp" style="background-color: black; color: yellow; font-family: Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 16px; text-align: left;">Liverpool Museums -Meccano</a>
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<h1 class='post-title entry-title'>
<a href='http://www.liverpoolpicturebook.com/2012/09/RoyalLiverpoolSeamensOrphanage.html'>Royal Liverpool Seamen's Orphan Institution</a>
</h1>
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-sOBi8iTqP2k/UE4Pu0FJKkI/AAAAAAAAI2U/CUE6EBBsXto/s1600/lsoi.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="227" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-sOBi8iTqP2k/UE4Pu0FJKkI/AAAAAAAAI2U/CUE6EBBsXto/s320/lsoi.jpg" width="320" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In the
nineteenth century</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> there was no welfare state for the relief of unemployed or
destitute&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">sailors,
their families or even their orphaned children. The shipowners and merchants of&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">Liverpool
played an integral role in raising the interest of the people of Liverpool in
welfare&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">provision
for seamen and their families.&nbsp;The
archives, which relate to maritime charities and missions, demonstrate the
importance&nbsp;of trained
merchant seafarers to the maritime economy. However, they also reflect how the&nbsp;people of
Liverpool came to realise the numerous hazards, physical and moral, affecting
the&nbsp;life of a
sailor.&nbsp;</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Royal
Liverpool Seamen's Orphan Institution</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">A group of
leading shipowners, concerned about the lack of provision for orphaned children&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">of seamen,
invited members of the Liverpool public to attend a meeting at the Mercantile&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">Marine
Services Association Rooms on 16 December 1868.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Liverpool
Seamen&#8217;s Orphan Institution Committee members</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Mr James
Beazley, a shipowner and member of the Mersey Docks &amp; Harbour Board,
attended the December 1868 meeting, and was elected chairman of the Orphanage&#8217;s
Executive Committee. Beazley donated the first &#163;500 (worth over &#163;23,000 in
2001) to the fundraising appeal.<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Mr Ralph
Brocklebank was the Orphanage&#8217;s first President. In 1879 he paid for a hospital
to be built at the Newsham Park premises. Alexandre Bafour&nbsp;was also the
joint founder of the Seaman&#8217;s Orphanage as well as the Seaman&#8217;s Institute and a Sailor&#8217;s
Home.</span></div>
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<br /></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-YzqoGwwxinM/UE4O39-nPTI/AAAAAAAAI2M/RcmayFx8m8o/s1600/Alexandre+Balfour.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-YzqoGwwxinM/UE4O39-nPTI/AAAAAAAAI2M/RcmayFx8m8o/s320/Alexandre+Balfour.jpg" width="200" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Alexandre Balfours statue in St Johns Gardens</td></tr>
</tbody></table>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">His statue in St Johns Gardens bears the inscription <i>"Alexander
Balfour merchant, ship-owner, born 2nd September 1824, died 16th April 1886,
His life was devoted to God in noble and munificent efforts for the benefit of
sailors, the education of people, and the promotion of all good works. He was
also the joint founder of the Seaman&#8217;s Orphanage, Seaman&#8217;s Institute and a
Sailor&#8217;s Home."</i></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Why was a
seamen&#8217;s orphanage needed?</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Sadly, over
the centuries many seamen have been lost at sea or killed in accidents on board
ship, causing great suffering to their families. On 16 December 1868 a group of
Liverpool merchants and shipowners met to discuss how to help the children of
dead seamen. They decided to raise money to set up an orphanage in which to
house and educate these children. An appeal for funds was launched on 27 March
1869. The appeal revealed that 4866 British merchant seamen had died in 1866,
including 2390 by drowning.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In August
1869 the Liverpool Seamen's Orphan Institution opened in temporary</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">accommodation
in Duke Street. By the end of 1869 sixty children were already in residence.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In 1870
Liverpool Town Council approved a resolution to give land at Newsham Park to
the&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">committee to
construct a permanent building for the Institution and in January 1874 the&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">children
were transferred from the Duke Street premises to Newsham Park with an</span></div>
<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">additional forty-six newcomers.</span></span><br />
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-OSbehx9FhOs/UE4dQQd3FsI/AAAAAAAAI4k/sXHQlcCF-S0/s1600/seamans_orphanage.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="251" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-OSbehx9FhOs/UE4dQQd3FsI/AAAAAAAAI4k/sXHQlcCF-S0/s400/seamans_orphanage.jpg" width="400" /></a></div>
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<span style="font-family: &quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 115%; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin;"><br /></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The
Institution was formally opened on the 30 September 1874 by the Duke of
Edinburgh&nbsp;</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">the
"Sailor Prince" &nbsp;fourth son of Queen Victoria, and in May 1886 Queen
Victoria herself</span></div>
<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">visited the Orphanage, adding her name to the
list of patrons.&nbsp;</span></span><br />
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<span style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; line-height: 115%;"><br /></span>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-XZPfAh-EfT8/UE4QOOZfIjI/AAAAAAAAI2c/ipQy70I8muI/s1600/The+Duke+of+Edinburgh+opening+the+Seamen's+Orphanage.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="277" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-XZPfAh-EfT8/UE4QOOZfIjI/AAAAAAAAI2c/ipQy70I8muI/s400/The+Duke+of+Edinburgh+opening+the+Seamen's+Orphanage.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">The Duke of Edinburgh opening the Seamen's Orphanage<br />
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-hf8ojJe7RVw/UE4Qkh1oNnI/AAAAAAAAI2k/ObYPfXroqXU/s1600/Illusration+of+the+opening+of+the+orphanage.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-hf8ojJe7RVw/UE4Qkh1oNnI/AAAAAAAAI2k/ObYPfXroqXU/s320/Illusration+of+the+opening+of+the+orphanage.jpg" width="240" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Another set of &nbsp;illustrations of the opening of the Seamen's Orphanage 1874</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="color: #b45f06;">Education at
the Liverpool Seamen&#8217;s Orphan Institution</span><span style="color: white;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;">From the very beginning, educating its children
was as important to the Liverpool Seamen's Orphanage Institution&#8217;s managers as
housing and feeding them. At the orphanage school children were taught to read
and write, as well as receiving more practical training according to their sex.
Girls were taught knitting and needlework and boys learned about carpentry and
shoemaking.&nbsp;</span></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-xrAyVeFNaEU/UE4eb0Q3JKI/AAAAAAAAI40/GfrUfq5iIKo/s1600/Woodwork.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="297" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-xrAyVeFNaEU/UE4eb0Q3JKI/AAAAAAAAI40/GfrUfq5iIKo/s400/Woodwork.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">A woodwork class at the orphanage</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;">In 1875 the orphanage and the training ship Indefatigable agreed on
a scheme for training orphanage boys as seamen on leaving the orphanage.&nbsp;</span></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-vze9IAwLCf0/UE4RRPKQdHI/AAAAAAAAI2s/UEtfn2DoTTc/s1600/indefatigable272.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="271" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-vze9IAwLCf0/UE4RRPKQdHI/AAAAAAAAI2s/UEtfn2DoTTc/s400/indefatigable272.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Indefatigable on her final sailing from Liverpool<br />
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The
Workhouses and Industrial Training Ships were part of the Victorian's answer to
the problem of helping the poor and destitute. Training ships were used for
both types of institutions, and for the same purpose: to give the boy's sent
their the prospect of a better life. These were not reformatories, and boys
that went to them did not have criminal records and so were able to join the
Royal Navy later if that was the career that they chose. In both cases they
were mainly supported by a mixture of charity and the Poor Rates levied by the
local authorities, and in both cases life on board could be hard.</span></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-T7X-D1TKKtE/UE4RxoDo2rI/AAAAAAAAI20/af-ynoyYiQc/s1600/Indefatigable+Crest.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="200" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-T7X-D1TKKtE/UE4RxoDo2rI/AAAAAAAAI20/af-ynoyYiQc/s200/Indefatigable+Crest.jpg" width="158" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Indefatigable Badge</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The Training
Ship Indefatigable</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> was set up for 'for the sons and orphans of sailors who are
without means, preference being given to those whose fathers had been connected
with the Port of Liverpool' aged from 12 to 15 years by Captain John Clint in
1864. The ship that he acquired for the task had been HMS Indefatigable which
was built in Devonport and launched in 1848. She only had a short active
service career being laid up in 1857.</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-Rg6oVeA66Ik/UE4XziyChhI/AAAAAAAAI38/oQVJDXeKixw/s1600/sailor_boys.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="252" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-Rg6oVeA66Ik/UE4XziyChhI/AAAAAAAAI38/oQVJDXeKixw/s400/sailor_boys.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">A group of sailor boys</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">The ship was
paid for with help from James J. Bibby, of the Bibby Line Shipping, who
contributed &#163;5000 which equates to over &nbsp;a quarter of a million pounds in today's money.
Although it was a charity payment was required for the training on board. This
was &#163;22 per annum, and &#163;5 10s. for outfit on discharge. This might sound rather
a strange requirement given the purpose of the ship was to train 'the sons and
orphans of sailors who are without means', however in most cases the fees were paid
by local public subscription, although some of the better off did pay for
themselves rather than burdening others.</span></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-TskBa_JeVOI/UFMn5WibdWI/AAAAAAAAI8c/GF66-vr_HVo/s1600/1895+LIVERPOOL+SEAMENS'+ORPHAN+INSTITUTION.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="297" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-TskBa_JeVOI/UFMn5WibdWI/AAAAAAAAI8c/GF66-vr_HVo/s400/1895+LIVERPOOL+SEAMENS'+ORPHAN+INSTITUTION.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">1895 LIVERPOOL SEAMENS' ORPHAN INSTITUTION</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Outdoor
relief from the Liverpool Seamen&#8217;s Orphan Institution</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">As well as
providing a home for children at Duke Street and then Newsham Park, the
orphanage also helped to care for some children in their own homes. These
children received a set of clothes and 10/- a month (worth around &#163;25 in 2001)
was paid to their families. This help was only given to children who attended
school. The official name for this type of help was &#8216;outdoor relief&#8217;.</span></div>
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-sWyWCocqNg4/UE4SAMenHhI/AAAAAAAAI28/-q2hZ0CIZnM/s1600/SEAMEN'S+Orphanage,+1900+Pamphlet.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-sWyWCocqNg4/UE4SAMenHhI/AAAAAAAAI28/-q2hZ0CIZnM/s320/SEAMEN'S+Orphanage,+1900+Pamphlet.JPG" width="250" /></a></div>
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<o:p><br /></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-1Nwh4trpLbk/UE4SGotv2rI/AAAAAAAAI3E/9AbIhzldI2w/s1600/SEAMEN'S+Orphanage,+1900+Pamphlet+1.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="400" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-1Nwh4trpLbk/UE4SGotv2rI/AAAAAAAAI3E/9AbIhzldI2w/s400/SEAMEN'S+Orphanage,+1900+Pamphlet+1.JPG" width="312" /></a></div>
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-HK0vAmsgcIY/UE4SMedLt5I/AAAAAAAAI3M/En7pmm0Si5o/s1600/SEAMEN'S+Orphanage,+1900+Pamphlet+2.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-HK0vAmsgcIY/UE4SMedLt5I/AAAAAAAAI3M/En7pmm0Si5o/s320/SEAMEN'S+Orphanage,+1900+Pamphlet+2.JPG" width="230" /></a></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-WHwmCPtspJU/UE4STelIcbI/AAAAAAAAI3U/Efu9Kzq9zI8/s1600/SEAMEN'S+Orphanage,+1900+Pamphlet+3.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-WHwmCPtspJU/UE4STelIcbI/AAAAAAAAI3U/Efu9Kzq9zI8/s320/SEAMEN'S+Orphanage,+1900+Pamphlet+3.JPG" width="222" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">The above pages are from a leaflet made available to the public by the Orphanage</td></tr>
</tbody></table>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Mr Frederick
Fleet&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> the lookout on the ill fated
Titanic was born in Liverpool on 15 October 1887. He never knew his father and
his mother abandoned him and ran away with a boyfriend to Springfield,
Massachusetts never to be heard from again. Frederick was raised by a succession
of foster families and distant relatives via orphanages and Dr Banardo Homes
was a resident at the Royal Liverpool Seamans Orphanage. Newsham Park and in 1903 &nbsp;went to sea as a deck boy, working his way up to Able Seaman</span>.</div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-lgCwtjbGZRI/UE4S-SXKeXI/AAAAAAAAI3c/JCh9Yn3myAo/s1600/fleet_frederick.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="237" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-lgCwtjbGZRI/UE4S-SXKeXI/AAAAAAAAI3c/JCh9Yn3myAo/s320/fleet_frederick.jpg" width="320" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Frederick Fleet who was the lookout aboard the ill fated 'Titanic'</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Before
signing-on the Titanic he had sailed for over four years as lookout on the
Oceanic. He address was given as Norman Rd, Southampton.<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">As a seaman
Fleet earned five pounds per month plus an extra 5 shillings for lookout duty.
And it was as a lookout that Fleet joined the Titanic in April 1912.<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">At the
outbreak of the Second&nbsp;World War</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">,
the Orphanage was evacuated to Hill Bank, Wirral.&nbsp;</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">After the
War preparations were made for the return to Newsham Park. &nbsp;By this time family allowances and the
National Health Service had come into effect, therefore families had the
assistance to care for children at home &nbsp;there was no longer the same need for
the orphanage. In 1949 the decision was made to close it down and in 1951 the
building was sold to the Ministry of Health and turned in to a hospital.</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Jv0RmHEaBTE/UE4T2zoS38I/AAAAAAAAI3k/1SrgaK_pmZU/s1600/Orphanage.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="246" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Jv0RmHEaBTE/UE4T2zoS38I/AAAAAAAAI3k/1SrgaK_pmZU/s400/Orphanage.jpg" width="400" /></a></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Vx3xqrH0Pb4/UE4ZUst1ewI/AAAAAAAAI4E/H8BRgJgrIA4/s1600/Ariel+view+of+the+orphanage+1928.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="313" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Vx3xqrH0Pb4/UE4ZUst1ewI/AAAAAAAAI4E/H8BRgJgrIA4/s400/Ariel+view+of+the+orphanage+1928.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Ariel view of the orphanage 1928</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The sale of the premises at Newsham Park</span><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> to the Ministry of Health for
use as a hospital realised &#163;125,000 in 1951; the proceeds were forwarded to the
Charity Commissioners for investment.<o:p></o:p></span></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The committee continued to provide support to orphaned seamen's children
on a non-resident basis, thus continuing to pursue the original objectives of
the institution's founders, with special emphasis on education.<o:p></o:p></span></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The work of the Institution in providing for the relief and education of
the orphaned children of seamen continues today, and in 1969 the Institution
celebrated its centenary.<o:p></o:p></span></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In 2004 a plan by its owners Gateway Properties to develop the building
into flats was defeated by local regeneration campaigners, and in July 2007 the
site was put up for sale.</span></span></div>
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<h1 class='post-title entry-title'>
<a href='http://www.liverpoolpicturebook.com/2012/09/SeamensDispensaryLiverpool.html'>Seamen's dispensary, Liverpool 1924 to 1991</a>
</h1>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The city of Liverpool </span><span style="background-color: black; color: white;"><span style="font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">is famous for many things. One of them
which achieved renown on every continent was Dr Ross's Clinic, a name bestowed
by seamen of every nationality upon the building erected by Liverpool
Corporation in 1923, and described on the bronze plaque beside its front door
as</span><i>&nbsp;</i></span><br />
<span style="background-color: black; color: white;"><i><br /></i></span>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white;"><i><span style="font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">"THE SEAMEN'S DISPENSARY. OPEN TO SEAMEN OF ALL NATIONS FOR FREE TREATMENT
AND ADVICE".</span></i></span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-jEl6rAbKld8/UEzFtr9g0QI/AAAAAAAAI0k/rJu-SsIA8dQ/s1600/ScreenHunter_06+Sep.+09+17.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="275" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-jEl6rAbKld8/UEzFtr9g0QI/AAAAAAAAI0k/rJu-SsIA8dQ/s400/ScreenHunter_06+Sep.+09+17.jpg" width="400" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The Seamen's Dispensary has been in the forefront, actively
participating in the events spanning almost seven decades, comprising evolution
and significant changes in the practice of the specialty now called
Genitourinary Medicine (GUM). After 67 years of the most valuable service, the
Seamen's Dispensary closed in December 1991.&nbsp;</span><br />
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">A brief history of its origin and
the placing on record of its contribution to sexually transmitted disease
control in Liverpool and beyond is, I hope a fitting epitaph.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Background<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Before 20th
century Liverpool was a small fishing village until 1207 when King John's
Charter conferred upon it a borough status. It steadily grew in size and
importance, owing largely to the&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">West Indian
trade and slave trade with W.Africa and the Americas. By the beginning of the
17th century, the Liverpool port was busy importing and exporting goods. By the
end of the 18th century the city was very rich, mostly as a result of shipping.
The city continued to flourish well into the 20th&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">century, its
port serving as the terminus for ships to and from every region of the world bringing
in cargos and seafarers of all nationalities. Liverpool had become the gateway
of the British Empire.&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">Liverpool's
sailortown had sprawled over a large area around Paradise S treet and Canning Place.
It was around here that the famous Liverpool "forebitter", Maggie
May, and others plied their trade.&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">The sailors
had to run the gauntlet to pass the parading prostitutes.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><i>"When I steered into her, I hadn't got a care,</i></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><i>She waz cruisin' up an' down ol' Canning Place,</i></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><i>She waz dressed in a gown so fine, like a frigate of the
line,</i></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><i>An I bein' a sailorman gave chase".'</i></span></div>
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<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-ppjBh32OrTA/UEzIve4XCCI/AAAAAAAAI04/KJBH-VuXFVg/s1600/canning.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="400" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-ppjBh32OrTA/UEzIve4XCCI/AAAAAAAAI04/KJBH-VuXFVg/s400/canning.jpg" width="297" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Canning Place</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;"><br /></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The special
needs of the seafarers had been recognized; for example The General Infirmary in
Liverpool, which opened in 1749, had two wings for the maintenance of
"decayed seamen, their wives and children" However, patients with
venereal disease (VD) in general, were treated as outcasts. To secure the "decency
and good order of the house, venereal patients were to be so entirely detached as
not to have the least intercourse with the other parts of the hospital" Nevertheless,
some arrangements had existed at the Royal Infirmary, the Northern Hospital,
the Stanley Hospital and the Royal Southern Hospital (opened respectively in
1824, 1834, 1867 and 1872) for the gratuitous treatment of venereal disease.</span></div>
<br />
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Origin of
seamen's dispensary </span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The Liverpool
Royal Infirmary Clinic was having the largest number of patients on its books.
A significant proportion (40% in 1920) of those whose occupation was known were
seafarers. This problem posed by large numbers of seafarers needed to be
addressed and&nbsp; was not helped by the
Merchant Shipping Act of 1906 which while-providing for the medical treatment
of the sick sailor, retained "the proviso that a seaman suffering from
venereal disease shall be excluded from such benefits".</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Earlier,
Liverpool Corporation had recognized the special need of health care
facilities, including those for venereal disease, for seamen of all
nationalities. The premises were to be designated as the Seamen's Dispensary.
The latter was not to be labelled as an institution specially for venereal
diseases because that would prejudice not only the prospects of obtaining a
site, "but also the usefulness of the premises even in regard to venereal
diseases". &nbsp;A suitable site for a Seamen's Dispensary was eventually found.
After obtaining the approval of the Ministry of Health, the tender of Messrs R.
Wearing &amp; Sons was accepted and the building was completed in 1923 at a
cost of&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">&#163;4,649. The
Dispensary was opened by the Lord Mayor of Liverpool on 28th January 1924.</span><br />
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;"><br /></span>
<br />
<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-eHbQ3cPmeqc/UEzU_fOt8fI/AAAAAAAAI14/CPMGh-eTg9A/s1600/The+Sailors+Home.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-eHbQ3cPmeqc/UEzU_fOt8fI/AAAAAAAAI14/CPMGh-eTg9A/s400/The+Sailors+Home.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">The Sailors Home</td></tr>
</tbody></table>
<br /></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The site
chosen was in the neighbourhood of the Sailor's Home and other centres where sailors
and others connected with seafaring life usually congregated. It was intended
primarily to deal with venereal disease. However, other ailments including
tropical diseases were also to be taken care of and if necessary, such patients
were to be referred to other suitable institutions. The medical officer in
charge also acted in an advisory capacity to medical officers of ships, ships'
captains and foreign consulates.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="color: #b45f06;">Seamen's
Dispensary activities and progress (1924-1938)</span><span style="color: white;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></div>
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<br /></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In the
earlier years the Seamen's Dispensary was open from 9.30 am to 8.00 pm, and the
staff consisted of one whole-time Assistant Medical Officer and two orderlies.
While one orderly&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">attended on
the Medical Officer during the examination and treatment of patients, the other
supervised the routine irrigation treatment of cases of gonorrhoea. The latter
orderly resided on the premises in the flat on the second floor beneath a
quaint mansard roof.&nbsp;</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-ZookTbryh2M/UEzLYjpXnFI/AAAAAAAAI1M/1JaFnoJAS_U/s1600/ScreenHunter_08+Sep.+09+17.57.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="269" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-ZookTbryh2M/UEzLYjpXnFI/AAAAAAAAI1M/1JaFnoJAS_U/s320/ScreenHunter_08+Sep.+09+17.57.jpg" width="320" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;"><span style="background-color: black; color: white;">Canning Place by Bernard Rose</span>
</td></tr>
</tbody></table>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
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</div>
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<br /></div>
<div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; margin-bottom: 0cm;">
<span style="background-color: black; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="color: #b45f06;">Dr A O F
Ross (1893-1954)</span><span style="color: white;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></div>
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<br /></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In 1924 Dr
Andrew O F Ross became Physician in Charge of the Seamen's Dispensary. He was a
powerful character of whom anecdotes abound and whose reputation grew with the
telling. The dispensary was adjacent to a public house and public urinal, a
juxtaposition that came to be known irreverently as Ross's Triad. So
exasperated did he become with patients attending who had emptied their bladder
immediately before arrival, that he used his influence with the Public Health &nbsp;committee to get the offending convenience
demolished. He was also full of humour, sensitivity and &nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">had an
academic approach. The venereal disease problem among the seafarers was one of&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">his main
preoccupations. In view of their special circumstances, he developed, in 1924, an
intensive treatment scheme, comprising arsenicals and bismuth injections, for
early syphilis, which was soon adapted by many other centres dealing with
seafarers. Dr Ross, along with his colleagues, also conducted the early field
trials of penicillin in the treatment of syphilis. The doubling of attendances
within four years of the Seamen's Dispensary opening was largely attributed to
the interest, attention and personality of Dr Ross.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;"><br /></span></div>
<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-p-e2AEdxr3k/UEzMOtDuqyI/AAAAAAAAI1U/qwp9WQfdzig/s1600/MOs+Consulting+Room.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="220" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-p-e2AEdxr3k/UEzMOtDuqyI/AAAAAAAAI1U/qwp9WQfdzig/s320/MOs+Consulting+Room.jpg" width="320" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;"><div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; margin-bottom: 0cm;">
Medical
Officers' consulting room, with facilities for bacteriological&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></div>
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and microscopical
investigations.<o:p></o:p></div>
</td></tr>
</tbody></table>
<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-QHS9wSl179o/UEzNTFWQ46I/AAAAAAAAI1c/8KFZ-oSGjGo/s1600/Operating+room,+with+modern+conveniences+for+examination+and+treatment.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="222" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-QHS9wSl179o/UEzNTFWQ46I/AAAAAAAAI1c/8KFZ-oSGjGo/s320/Operating+room,+with+modern+conveniences+for+examination+and+treatment.jpg" width="320" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Operating room, with modern conveniences for examination and treatment<br />
<br /></td></tr>
</tbody></table>
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<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-wgbwK9THkwY/UEzN37zz2QI/AAAAAAAAI1k/mNDQOkioPRU/s1600/Curtained+cubicles+of+irrigation+and+other+treatment+of+cases+of+venereal.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="220" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-wgbwK9THkwY/UEzN37zz2QI/AAAAAAAAI1k/mNDQOkioPRU/s320/Curtained+cubicles+of+irrigation+and+other+treatment+of+cases+of+venereal.jpg" width="320" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;"><div align="center" class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt;">
Curtained cubicles that&nbsp;patients entered from flanking corridors&nbsp;</div>
<div align="center" class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt;">
the central corridor was for the medical officer and attendants.<o:p></o:p></div>
</td></tr>
</tbody></table>
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;"><br /></span></div>
<br />
<br />
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In 1964,
resignations from nursing staff</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> had caused difficulties. Poor layout was
thought to be an undoubted factor in the staff dissatisfaction. Consequently,
the building underwent certain structural alterations and was completely redecorated.
These improvements were much appreciated by staff and patients alike. One of
the annual reports refers to the provision of an excellent &nbsp;laboratory. This was a room with a cupboard, a
wall point and running water.</span></div>
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<br /></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">There were
other quaint customs too. Every Wednesday morning, all the glass slides used during
the preceding week were boiled in a solution of lysol. The odour can be more
easily imagined than described. The slides were then re-used. And the needles
used for venepuncture and intramuscular injection were sterilised by boiling in
water, and occasionally, sharpened on a grindstone. The above practice of
reusing needles and slides was discontinued in 1965. However, glass syringes,
sterilised by steam pressure in an autoclave, wrapped in small hand-made linen
bags remained in use until about 1970.</span></div>
<br />
<br />
<br />
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Undergraduate
and postgraduate teaching and research</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">&nbsp;</span><br />
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span>
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Liverpool, being a great port, had an
abundance of clinical material. The Seamen's Dispensary served a useful
function in the training&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">of medical
students, postgraduate students and male nurses. Liverpool was one of the few&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">centres
providing postgraduate training in venereology in the 1930s. The University of
Liverpool&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">continued to
grant the Venereal Disease Officer's Certificate up to 1967. Much of the clinical
instruction for this was given at the Seamen's Dispensary. In 1967 the
University of Liverpool became the first university in Europe to offer a full
time course and to award a Diploma in Venereology. &nbsp;The Seamen's Dispensary has continued to be
one of the two main centres for the&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">instruction
in the specialty but nevertheless closed &nbsp;in December 1991. The Royal Liverpool
University Hospital which did not traditionally attract seamen, had been seeing
twice the number of&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">patients per
session during the previous four years. The unattractive premises &nbsp;the dispensary was housed in perhaps may also have
been a factor in its closure. From the more scientific point of view, however,
the Seamen's Dispensary had outlived its usefulness. It did not stand up to the
modern concepts of a GUM clinic for the 1990s, recently defined in an authoritative
report. The serious shortcomings included lack of privacy, lack of adequate
space to examine patients and to teach students. In addition, it suffered the
inconveniences associated with any health facility remote from&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">a District
Hospital. Consequently, the Seamen's Dispensary had to close. The only problem
was that the existing GUM clinic premises at the Royal Liverpool University
Hospital (RLUH) opened in 1979,&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">although
purpose built, had in the recent years been felt to be seriously inadequate. An
opportunity&nbsp;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">arose, as a
result of the reorganisation of the RLUH (after acquiring Trust status) in 1991,
of the availability of new purpose built and much larger premises within the
hospital, enough to absorb also the workload of the Seamen's Dispensary. That
certainly was the ideal answer. It was also true that shipping passing through
the port had declined substantially.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
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</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Table 2
Number of ships and their tonnage passing<o:p></o:p></span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">through the
port of Liverpool</span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<br /></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Year &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Number of Ships &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Tonnage<o:p></o:p></span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">1930 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 13,454 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 16,184,515<o:p></o:p></span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">1940 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 10,333 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14,305,715<o:p></o:p></span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">1950 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 9,189 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 15,372,207<o:p></o:p></span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">1960 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 10,164 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 19,838,134<o:p></o:p></span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">1970 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 7,803 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 20,970,000<o:p></o:p></span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">1980 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4,540 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 26,372,000<o:p></o:p></span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<div style="text-align: left;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">1985 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3,013 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 19,612,000</span></div>
</div>
</div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
<div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; margin-bottom: 0cm;">
<div style="text-align: center;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
<div style="text-align: center;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Links</span></div>
<div style="text-align: center;">
<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
<div style="text-align: center;">
<span style="background-color: black;"><span style="color: yellow; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; line-height: 16px; text-align: left;"><a href="http://www.liv.ac.uk/about/history/" style="color: yellow; line-height: 16px; text-align: left;">University Of Liverpool</a></span>
</span></div>
<div style="text-align: center;">
<span style="background-color: black;"><br /></span>
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<h1 class='post-title entry-title'>
<a href='http://www.liverpoolpicturebook.com/2012/09/LiverpoolTownHall.html'>Liverpool Town Hall</a>
</h1>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The first recorded town hall in Liverpool </span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">was in 1515 and it
was probably a thatched building. It was replaced in 1673 by a building
slightly to the south of the present town hall. This town hall stood on
"pillars and arches of hewen stone" and under it was the exchange for
merchants and traders to carry out their business.</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Q_c45dkAL4Q/UEnZMqa0f4I/AAAAAAAAIyI/NHpFJHED_bg/s1600/800px-Town_Hall_Liverpool.png" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Q_c45dkAL4Q/UEnZMqa0f4I/AAAAAAAAIyI/NHpFJHED_bg/s400/800px-Town_Hall_Liverpool.png" width="400" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Building of the present town hall began in 1749 on a site
slightly to the north of its predecessor; its foundation stone was laid on 14
September. The architect was John Wood the Elder, who has been described as
"one of the outstanding architects of the day". &nbsp;It was completed and opened in 1754. The
ground floor acted as the exchange, and a council room and other offices were
on the upper floor. The ground floor had a central courtyard surrounded by
Doric colonnades but it was "dark and confined, and the merchants
preferred to transact business in the street outside". &nbsp;Above the building was a large square dome
with a cupola.<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Liverpool Town Hall in the 1820s</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-i0UpHJeYMsA/UEnZlS0wnaI/AAAAAAAAIyQ/RuE2RRbxmdw/s1600/lpoolth.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="288" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-i0UpHJeYMsA/UEnZlS0wnaI/AAAAAAAAIyQ/RuE2RRbxmdw/s400/lpoolth.jpg" width="400" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Improvements
began in 1785 with an extension to the north designed by James Wyatt. Buildings
close to the west and north sides were demolished, and John Foster prepared
plans for the west fa├žade. In 1786 Wood's square dome was demolished and plans
were made by Wyatt for a new dome over the central courtyard. In 1795, before
the new dome was built, the hall was seriously damaged by a fire.&nbsp;</span></span></div>
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<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-BPZX3OJZRmU/UEozG78l03I/AAAAAAAAI0M/nglogd7pN1c/s1600/The-Burning-Of-Liverpool-Town-Hall+by+William+Gavin+Herdman.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="225" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-BPZX3OJZRmU/UEozG78l03I/AAAAAAAAI0M/nglogd7pN1c/s400/The-Burning-Of-Liverpool-Town-Hall+by+William+Gavin+Herdman.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">The Burning Of Liverpool Town Hall by William Gavin Herdman 1805 -1882 &nbsp;</td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Wyatt's north
extension was not significantly damaged, but Wood's original building was
gutted. The building was reconstructed and Wyatt's new dome was added. The work
was supervised by Foster and completed in 1802. Under the dome the central
courtyard was replaced with a hall containing a staircase. In 1811 a portico
was added to the south side. The construction and decoration of the interior
was completed by about 1820</span></span></div>
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<a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-fSNMcBDwaQ4/UEnartl0HoI/AAAAAAAAIyg/6gx2MRSU0Io/s1600/ScreenHunter_01+Sep.+07+10.47.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="clear: right; float: right; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-left: 1em;"><img border="0" height="187" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-fSNMcBDwaQ4/UEnartl0HoI/AAAAAAAAIyg/6gx2MRSU0Io/s200/ScreenHunter_01+Sep.+07+10.47.jpg" width="200" /></a><span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In 1881 an attempt to blow up the town hall</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> by the Fenians
was aborted. &nbsp;In 1899&#8211;1900 the portico on
the south face was rebuilt and extended, and the northern extension was
enlarged to form a recess in the Council Chamber for the Lord Mayor's chair. In
1921 a room on the ground floor was made into the Hall of Remembrance to
commemorate the military men from Liverpool who died in the First World War. Part of the building was damaged in the Liverpool Blitz of 1941; this restored
after the end of the Second World War. Further restoration was carried out
between 1993 and 1995</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The Slave Trade</span><o:p></o:p></div>
<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-eyk87ydgO4I/UEnbSirCIXI/AAAAAAAAIyo/vsdmzaAYLJQ/s1600/2584241049_fb568032ae_o.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-eyk87ydgO4I/UEnbSirCIXI/AAAAAAAAIyo/vsdmzaAYLJQ/s320/2584241049_fb568032ae_o.jpg" width="240" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;"><span style="background-color: black; color: white;"><span style="font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; line-height: 15.577777862548828px; text-align: left;">Monument dedicated to Justice and Truth. Liverpool's wealth in the <br />17 &amp; 18th centuries was built on the slave trade.</span>&nbsp;</span></td></tr>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">A little known fact</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> is that the building of the Town Hall
was funded by Liverpool businesses and entrepreneurs many of whom had benefited
from the slave trade.&nbsp; In fact sixteen of
Liverpool's Mayors are said to have been slave merchants.&nbsp;&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Three centuries of slave and other overseas trading
bequeathed the City with a rich diversity of peoples, cultures, financial
wealth and architecture much of which survives to the present day. <o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">However, the abolition of the slave trade was one of the
critical steps leading to reform and reconstruction in 19th Century Liverpool,
when the City became more conscious of the need to improve the living
conditions of its citizens.<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The City has acknowledged its involvement in the Slave Trade
and a formal apology was made to the black community in the year 2000.
Liverpool champions equal opportunities and diversity issues and both
recognises and values the contributions made by the black community to the
prosperity of the City.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="color: #b45f06;">Exterior</span><span style="color: white;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The town hall is built of stone with a slate roof and a lead
dome. Its plan consists of a rectangle with a portico extending to the south
and Wyatt's rectangular extension to the north. The extension is slightly
narrower than the rest of the building, and also has a projecting portico.&nbsp;</span></div>
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<a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-yVepYJI9HrM/UEnbm8KSa5I/AAAAAAAAIyw/mKbcLjxCAUc/s1600/Portico.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-yVepYJI9HrM/UEnbm8KSa5I/AAAAAAAAIyw/mKbcLjxCAUc/s320/Portico.jpg" width="240" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The building has two storeys and a basement;</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> the stonework
of the basement and lower storey is rusticated. The south face, overlooking
Castle Street, has nine bays. Its central three bays are occupied by the
portico. This has three rounded arches on the ground floor, and four pairs of
Corinthian columns in the upper storey surrounding a balcony. The east and west
faces also have nine bays in the original part of the building, plus an
additional three bays to the north on Wyatt's extension. The middle three bays
of the nine original bays project slightly forward and are surmounted by a
pediment. </span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The roof of the north face is higher than that of the main
building. This face has five bays, with a central portico of three bays. On its
first floor are four pairs of Corinthian columns and standing on the roof above
these are four statues dating from 1792 by Richard Westmacott; &nbsp;these statues have been moved from the Irish
Houses of Parliament. &nbsp;</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><br /></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Above
the upper storey windows on all faces are panels containing carvings, some of
which relate to Liverpool's foreign trade.&nbsp;</span></span></div>
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<a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-LgS_exdwka4/UEncGjt_DMI/AAAAAAAAIy4/1CMa9LJ0QdA/s1600/Town+Hall+Carving.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="196" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-LgS_exdwka4/UEncGjt_DMI/AAAAAAAAIy4/1CMa9LJ0QdA/s320/Town+Hall+Carving.jpg" width="320" /></a></div>
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<a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-weISTFH_L8Q/UEncHOuuRHI/AAAAAAAAIy8/S7GBOO1OBa0/s1600/carving.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="209" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-weISTFH_L8Q/UEncHOuuRHI/AAAAAAAAIy8/S7GBOO1OBa0/s320/carving.jpg" width="320" /></a></div>
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</div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The dome stands on a high drum supported on Corinthian
columns. Around the base of the dome are four clock faces, each of which is
supported by a lion and unicorn. On the summit of the dome is a statue,
representing Minerva or Britannia(nobody is quite sure, &nbsp;it is 10 feet (3 m) high and was designed by John
Charles Felix Rossi.</span></div>
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<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-D_IZhQ9emko/UEnc82n73uI/AAAAAAAAIzQ/sADgp2g2_f0/s1600/2245029768_5b080de09c_z.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-D_IZhQ9emko/UEnc82n73uI/AAAAAAAAIzQ/sADgp2g2_f0/s400/2245029768_5b080de09c_z.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
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The statue is that it's made of Coade stone, a type of
artifical stone invented by a Mrs Eleanor Coade in the 1760's. The good thing
about it was. that it was more weather resistant than natural stone. The statue is in remarkably good condition considering it's been exposed
to the elements for over two centuries.</div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Interior</span></div>
<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody>
<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-_BxM6bKC_9k/UEnetA-iyNI/AAAAAAAAIzY/DTx9YkVe3UY/s1600/g0963.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="277" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-_BxM6bKC_9k/UEnetA-iyNI/AAAAAAAAIzY/DTx9YkVe3UY/s400/g0963.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
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"Interior of the Ball-room, Town Hall" (Liverpool)
engraved by B.Winkles after a picture by Harwood, published in Lancashire
Illustrated, 1831.</div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The main door</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"> in the south face leads to the Vestibule or
Entrance Hall. It has a floor of encaustic tiles which depict the arms of
Liverpool. The room is panelled and on the east side is a large wooden
fireplace containing 17th-century Flemish carvings. It has a groin-vaulted
ceiling, and in the lunettes are murals painted in 1909 depicting events in
Liverpool's history. Below these are brass tablets containing the names of the
freemen of Liverpool. Also in the entrance hall are bardic chairs from the two
Eisteddfods held in the city. At the rear of the ground floor in Wyatt's
extension is the Council Chamber. This has mahogany-panelled walls and can seat
160 people. Adjacent to the Council Chamber is the Hall of Remembrance. On its
wall are panels bearing the names of the military men who lost their lives in
the First World War, and eight murals painted by Frank O. Salisbury in 1923.</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-edybihCd77g/UEne9xIP0LI/AAAAAAAAIzg/_XK1GghfTu4/s1600/450px-Liverpool_Town_Hall_3.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-edybihCd77g/UEne9xIP0LI/AAAAAAAAIzg/_XK1GghfTu4/s320/450px-Liverpool_Town_Hall_3.jpg" width="240" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; line-height: 115%;"><span style="color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">In
the centre of the ground floor is the Staircase Hall described in the Buildings
of England series as "one of the great architectural spaces of
Liverpool". A broad staircase rises between two pairs of Corinthian
columns to a half-landing, and narrower flights climb from that on each side to
the upper floor. On the ground floor on each side of the staircase are display
cabinets holding the city's silver. On the half-landing is a statue of George
Canning dated 1832 by Francis Chantrey, and hanging on the wall above this is a
portrait of Queen Elizabeth II by Sir Edward Halliday.</span></span></div>
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<a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-6OqsD5eDrRQ/UEnfJr-2XlI/AAAAAAAAIzo/aq5OJqbUOMI/s1600/017882.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-6OqsD5eDrRQ/UEnfJr-2XlI/AAAAAAAAIzo/aq5OJqbUOMI/s400/017882.jpg" width="400" /></a></div>
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<span style="font-family: &quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 115%; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin;"><br /></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Above the staircase the dome is carried by four pendentives;
it rises to a height of 106 feet (32 m) and its interior is coffered. Around
the base of the dome is inscribed Liverpool's motto, "Deus Nobis Haec Otia
Fecit", (</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="line-height: 15px;">"God has given us this tranquility.")</span>a</span><span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, 'Times New Roman', serif;">nd in the pendentives are paintings dated 1902 by Charles
Wellington Furse depicting scenes of dock labour</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="color: #b45f06;">Upper floor</span><span style="color: white;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Upper floor plan</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-UYH2iKNn2IE/UEnff_1t-uI/AAAAAAAAIzw/o4SZ3p7IMHY/s1600/800px-Liverpool_Town_Hall_plan.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="261" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-UYH2iKNn2IE/UEnff_1t-uI/AAAAAAAAIzw/o4SZ3p7IMHY/s400/800px-Liverpool_Town_Hall_plan.jpg" width="400" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">A&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Central
Reception Room&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; B&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; West Reception Room<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">C&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Dining
Room &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; D&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Large Ballroom<o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">E&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Small
Ballroom &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;F&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; East Reception Room&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">All the rooms on this floor are designed for entertainment
and they have connecting doors that allow for a complete circuit of the floor.
The middle room on the south side of the building is the Central Reception
Room. It has a circular ceiling with pendentives, and plasterwork in
neoclassical style designed by Francesco Bernasconi.</span></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Immediately to the north of the Town Hall is a paved square
known as Exchange Flags; this is surrounded on all sides by modern office
buildings. In the square is the Nelson Monument, celebrating the achievements
of Horatio Nelson. It is a Grade II* listed building and is the earliest
surviving public monument in the city.</span></div>
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<tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-dDA5rpKUaVQ/UEnf2cu4hKI/AAAAAAAAIz4/n6DqHZUppa8/s1600/Exchange+Flags+Nelson_Monument.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-dDA5rpKUaVQ/UEnf2cu4hKI/AAAAAAAAIz4/n6DqHZUppa8/s400/Exchange+Flags+Nelson_Monument.JPG" width="400" /></a></td></tr>
<tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Exchange Flags Nelson_Monument<br />
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<span style="background-color: black; color: white; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">The city council meets every seven weeks in the Council
Chambers to conduct the business of the city. The town hall is open to the
general public each month when conducted tours take place. The hall is licensed
for weddings and, in addition to providing a venue for the ceremony, catering
facilities can be supplied for a reception or a meal. Catering is also
available for other events and functions.</span><o:p></o:p></div>
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<a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-CLHelXG0yOc/UEncbCQk-TI/AAAAAAAAIzI/Hc0jtrCcsFY/s1600/image009.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-CLHelXG0yOc/UEncbCQk-TI/AAAAAAAAIzI/Hc0jtrCcsFY/s400/image009.jpg" width="400" /></a></div>
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<span style="background-color: black; color: #b45f06; font-family: Georgia, Times New Roman, serif;">Links and further information</span></div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<span style="background-color: black;"><a href="http://www.civichalls.liverpool.gov.uk/townhall/history/index.asp" style="color: yellow; font-family: Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 16px; text-align: left;">Civic Halls History</a>
</span></div>
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<span style="font-family: arial, sans-serif; line-height: 18.196969985961914px; text-align: left; text-decoration: underline;"><span style="background-color: black; color: yellow;"><br /></span></span></div>
</div>
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<span style="background-color: black;"><a href="http://www.virtualtours360.net/vtupload/liverpool/townhall/townhall.html" style="color: yellow; font-family: Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 16px; text-align: left;">Town Hall Virtual Tour</a>
</span></div>
</div>
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<div style="text-align: center;">
<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Freemen_of_the_City_of_Liverpool" style="background-color: black; color: yellow; font-family: Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 16px; text-align: left;">Freemen Of The City</a></div>
<span style="background-color: black; color: yellow;">
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<h2>Merseyside War Years Then and Now</h2>
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<span class='caption'>By Daniel K Longman</span>
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<h2>Not a guide to Liverpool</h2>
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<h2>A History of Woolworths</h2>
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<h2>Recommended Sites</h2>
<div class='widget-content'>
<ul>
<li><a href='http://inacityliving.piczo.com/?cr=7'>Inacityliving</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.itsliverpool.com/'>it's Liverpool</a></li>
<li><a href='http://liverpoolcitypolice.co.uk/#/photo-galleries/4551684190'>Liverpool City Police</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.l-c-r.co.uk/'>Liverpool Community Radio</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.livpc.co.uk/index.html'>Liverpool Parish Church Website</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.liverpoolpictorial.co.uk/streetnames.htm'>Liverpool Street Names and Origins</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.facebook.com/unfold.studentlife.5'>Liverpool Students Hub</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.liverpoolthenandnow.blogspot.com/'>Liverpool Then and Now</a></li>
<li><a href='http://liverpoolsitalianfamilies.weebly.com/index.html'>Liverpool's Italian Families</a></li>
<li><a href='http://lovehistory.co.uk/'>Love History Liverpool</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.lovelanelives.com/index.php/home'>Love Lane Lives - The History of Sugar in Liverpool</a></li>
<li><a href='http://my-liverpool.proboards.com/'>My Liverpool Forum</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.my-liverpool.co.uk/'>My Liverpool Website</a></li>
<li><a href='https://www.facebook.com/pages/Old-Photographs-Of-Liverpool/117209091700693'>Old Pictures of Liverpool</a></li>
<li><a href='http://oldswanliverpool.blogspot.com/'>Old Swan Website</a></li>
<li><a href='http://s197.photobucket.com/albums/aa113/itsazappathing/Liverpool%20Postcards%20and%20More%20To%20Download/'>Postcards and More</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21324/21324-h/21324-h.htm'>Recollections of Old Liverpool, by A Nonagenarian</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.sevenstreets.com/'>Seven streets</a></li>
<li><a href='http://spikesaycheese.weebly.com/'>Spike Say Cheese - Liverpool Photographs</a></li>
<li><a href='http://streetsofliverpool.co.uk/'>Streets of Liverpool</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.hartleysvillage.org.uk/'>The Hartleys Village Heritage Council Site</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.childwall.info/'>The History of Childwall</a></li>
<li><a href='http://hoganfam.weebly.com/links.html'>The Hogan Family Website</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.wix.com/sheilsy/lockhartcollection'>The Lockheart Collection</a></li>
<li><a href='http://danielklongman.tumblr.com/'>The Tumblr of Daniel K Longman Merseyside History</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.woolworthsmuseum.co.uk/'>The Woolworth Museum</a></li>
<li><a href='https://www.facebook.com/groups/TUEBROOKUNCOVERED/?notif_t=group_activity'>Tuebrook Uncovered</a></li>
<li><a href='https://www.facebook.com/groups/407969309216409/'>Wirral In Pictures (Facebook Site)</a></li>
<li><a href='http://liverpoolremembrance.weebly.com/index.html'>World Wars Remembrance Site</a></li>
<li><a href='http://www.yoliverpool.com/forum/forumdisplay.php?169-Our-Band-of-Bloggers'>Yo Liverpool Blogs</a></li>
</ul>
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